Narcan Opioid Overdose Drug
What is Narcan?
Naloxone, “Narcan,” is a powerful antidote that reverses an opioid overdose. Every day, more than 100 people die from an opioid overdose. Once administered it can save the life of a non-responsive person who is overdosing. The chance of surviving an overdose is dependent on how quickly an affected person gets help.
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How Does Narcan Work?
Naloxone immediately reverses the effects of an opioid overdose. It works as an opioid antagonist. Once inside the brain, it binds to the same receptors that opioids do, thus blocking the effects. This prevents any further interaction from the opioid and thus reversing the effects. When Narcan is used, the person should come around after a few minutes of administration.
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Three Different Kinds of Narcan
There are three different ways that Naloxone can be administered. It must be given as quickly as possible to someone who is overdosing. The sooner that aid is received, the likelihood of this person surviving.
The first line of defense for emergency first responders is the injectable naloxone. This can only be administered by trained professionals.
Narcan prepared with an auto-injectable is like how an EpiPen works. The medication is already dosed. The prepared dose is administered into the outer thigh. Narcan auto-injectable is often given out to the community. Family and friends of people who live with substance abuse disorders with opioids should have Narcan on hand. In many states, Narcan can be bought at a pharmacy without a prescription.
Narcan spray is administered to a person via nasal spray. It is the first approved nasal formulation for naloxone.
Signs and Symptoms of Opioid Overdose
The threshold for an overdose is dependent on several factors, including the person’s age, health, weight, opioid tolerance, and drug purity. Opioid overdose can occur very shortly after it enters the body. Once consumed a person will show signs that they are under the influence of opioids. Pinpoint pupils, flushed skin, and overly relaxed demeanor are immediately noticed.
Many people also experience vomiting and nausea related to use. They may fall in and out of consciousness. All these symptoms can precede the symptoms of an opioid overdose. When the user begins overdosing the symptoms are much more severe. The person will lose consciousness. They are unable to wake up despite efforts to rouse them from sleep.
The limbs will become limp. They will exhibit slow and shallow breathing. In an active overdose, they may begin to choke or gurgle. When you observe these signs, it is important to call 911 immediately. The quicker that help comes the likelihood of this person surviving an overdose.
How to Use Narcan
- Hold the nasal spray in one hand, with your thumb on the bottom of the plunger and your first and middle fingers on either side of the nozzle.
- Insert the tip of the nozzle gently into one of the person’s nostrils.
- Press the plunger firmly to give them the full dose of Narcan, and then remove the Narcan nasal spray device from their nostril.
- Call 911 immediately after giving the first dose of Narcan.
Is Narcan Safe to Use?
Naloxone is safe to use. It only influences people who have opioids in their system. There have been reported withdrawal symptoms from Narcan. The threat of death from an opioid overdose is a reality and far outweighs withdrawal. People given Narcan need to be under medical supervision for two hours.
Treatment for Opioid Overdose
The only treatment for an overdose is the quick administration of Naloxone. The overdose timeline can happen very quickly. Within a few minutes of an overdose, the individual could die. Opioids act on the part of the central nervous system that controls and regulates breathing. Without immediate help, suffocation and death can result.
Getting Help in Rehab
If you have experienced or witnessed someone overdose, it is traumatizing. If you are ready for help for opioid drug rehab learning about the different levels of care will help you determine the right one for you. Addiction treatment today is vastly different than 10 years ago. The understanding of how addiction changes the brain has refined treatment options.
The way to successfully treat substance use disorders is changing. The reality is that addiction is a lifelong brain disorder and recovery is a process. You will never be cured, but with the right programs and treatment, you can live a life free from addiction. If you are ready to take the leap into treatment, learn about the different approaches.
The first step in any drug rehab program is detoxing. This is the most difficult and daunting part. Withdrawal symptoms are intense and unpleasant. For many, the very thought of detoxing deters them from seeking help. Today, when you enter a medical detox program your withdrawal symptoms are treated. The discomfort is minimal. Now that you know you can detox safely and in a humane manner. Once you detox from poisonous can fully commit to drug rehab.
Inpatient treatment involves 24/7 care and includes a supervised, medical detox. Here all your symptoms are monitored to ensure that you do not suffer through withdrawal. During inpatient care, your history will be taken. Psychological evaluations will help to determine any additional conditions. This can contribute to your drug use and prevent future relapses. Many addicts discover they have a dual diagnosis.
Outpatient drug rehab is a level down from inpatient. Nevertheless, you are treated as conditions arise. During your stay, you will attend counseling sessions and group therapies. The aim of inpatient to a continuing of care after a successful opioid detox. The advantages of outpatient care are that you have more freedom. After you complete your day program you can return to your living arrangements. For many people, outpatient is the only way they can complete a detox and drug rehab program.
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Funding for Treatment
There are many different ways that you can find the help you need to treat your substance abuse disorder. To start the process Resurgence Behavioral Health offers a free online insurance verification tool. Insurance companies understand that addiction is treatable and many cover some costs.
Having a family and responsibilities while dealing with addiction can seem impossible. Do not let that stop you from seeking treatment. Learning to live without turning to drugs takes time. For many addicts, the threat of dying from an overdose is a reality. Nevertheless, it is still not enough for them to just stop using.
Addiction is a progressive brain disease. If you are struggling with opioid addiction and want to stop, reach out to Resurgence Behavioral Health Services. We are here to answer all your questions. We truly want to help you from day one!