Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders
Dual Diagnosis is Common in the United States
A mental health condition or psychiatric disorder is a medical condition that causes functional impairment in behavior, emotions, mood, and cognition.
In the United States, over 51 million people have been diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder.
A substance use disorder or dependency, also commonly referred to as addiction, is a chronic mental health condition characterized by alterations in the brain that compel an individual to use substances, often with disregard to amount consumed or frequency and despite negative consequences.
Often, psychiatric disorders and substance use disorders are co-occurring.
This means an individual experiences the symptoms from a mental health condition and substance use disorder.
This is medically referred to as a dual diagnosis or co-diagnosis.
According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 45% of people with an addiction also have a mental health disorder.
This does not mean that everyone with a mental health disorder uses drugs as a coping mechanism to alleviate symptoms.
Psychiatric disorders and substance use disorders affect everyone involved, including the individual’s loved ones.
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Psychiatric disorders are diagnosed by a licensed medical professional, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist.
Some conditions are more common in the general population than others.
Many factors such as genetics, environment, and personality play a large role in facilitating the prevalence of these disorders.
Some psychiatric disorders are similar to one another in the fact that they may share the same symptoms.
A thorough evaluation is required to accurately diagnose the patient and find an effective treatment specific to the individual and the conditions.
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Common Psychiatric Disorders:
- Major Depressive Disorder or MDD – A mood disorder characterized by chronic feelings of depressed mood, significant lack of motivation, and loss of interest in activities and hobbies.
- Bipolar Disorder – A mood disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression. Other symptoms include impulsivity, mood swings, irritability, grandiosity, and delusions.
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder or GAD – A mental health condition characterized by chronic feelings of anxiety, unease, restlessness, and excessive worry that impairs daily function.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder or OCD – An anxiety disorder defined by chronic compulsions and obsessions, typically consisting of irrational fears, unwanted thoughts, and repetitive, involuntary actions.
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD – An anxiety disorder characterized by trauma that causes flashbacks, nightmares, severe anxiety, uncontrollable obsession over trauma, irritability/aggression, and depression.
- Borderline Personality Disorder – A personality disorder defined by severe emotional instability, feelings of despair and worthlessness, impulsivity, mood swings, irritability, and dysfunctional relationship patterns.
- Antisocial Personality Disorder – A personality disorder characterized by a chronic disregard for societal rules and norms. Other symptoms include criminal behavior, lack of empathy, pathological lying, exploitative tendencies, and manipulation.
- Narcissistic Personality Disorder – A personality disorder defined by chronic displays of grandiosity, entitlement, lack of empathy, disregard for others, an inability to cope with criticism, and an excessive need for attention and praise.
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Substance Use Disorder
Substance use disorder is a chronic mental health condition that compels an individual to use drugs, often to excess and frequency and with disregard for consequences.
Substance use disorder impairs daily function and controls an individual’s motivation by occupying his or her time with using substances, obtaining substances, or obsessing about substances.
Signs of Substance Use Disorder:
- Decline in physical appearance and hygiene
- Decline in work or school performance
- Lack of motivation
- Not fulfilling responsibilities
- Financial issues caused by purchasing substances
- Social withdrawal
- Major changes in personality
Treatment Options for Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders
One option to consider for obtaining mental health treatment is treatment at a private practice. All therapy sessions including individual, group, and family therapy are provided in a professional setting under the care of licensed healthcare professionals such as a psychologist or counselor.
Private practice can include your primary care physician. Although primary care physicians in private practices usually focus on general physical healthcare, they can also prescribe medication to treat an individual’s reported mental health symptoms.
However, it is still recommended that you obtain a referral to a psychiatrist as the first choice of treatment options. A psychiatrist or psychologist can provide an accurate psychiatric assessment and diagnosis so that the most effective treatment methods can be explored.
Many mental health treatment centers and rehabilitation facilities are considered private practices. Not all insurance carriers will cover the costs of some private practices. If you choose to receive treatment from a private practice, it is important to find mental health treatment centers near you that are within your network.
Community Mental Health Centers
If a referral to a private practice is not possible, community mental health centers provide public mental health treatment services. Typically, community mental health centers are funded and operated by local governments. They provide necessary mental health treatment services that an individual might not otherwise be able to access.
Community mental health centers provide treatment services such as outpatient counseling and therapy, case management, and medication management. Case management services can include referring individuals for employment, residential treatment services, day program services, and other supportive residential services. Medication management services consist of a licensed medical professional such as a psychiatrist prescribing psychotropic medications and monitoring the health and progress of the individual taking the medications.
Many individuals receive Social Security disability benefits and Medicaid to pay for the cost of services.
Substance Abuse Treatment Centers
Mental health treatment also includes substance abuse and addiction treatment available at substance abuse treatment centers or rehab. Here, you can be treated for a variety of mental health disorders in addition to substance abuse and addiction. Most substance abuse treatment centers provide outpatient and inpatient services.
If you are receiving outpatient services, you are not required to remain at the center at all times. Instead, you will attend treatment services at the substance abuse center a determined number of times per week.
If you are receiving inpatient services, you are required to remain at the center for the duration of treatment. Common services provided by substance abuse treatment centers typically include medical detoxification, individual and group therapy, life skills and coping training, and medication management.
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Seeking treatment for your dependency is one of the bravest things you can do for yourself. Do not let your situation stop you from contacting Resurgence Behavioral Health.
We provide honest and accurate pricing information for all of our treatment options, and we offer free insurance verification. Call us today to find out more.
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The trained professionals at Resurgence Behavioral Health genuinely care about you and dedicate their lives to make sure you can live yours.
To overcome substance addiction, proper drug therapy treatment is required.
It is not an easy walk, but our treatment is the best option when it comes to your health.
We provide the most professional treatment to give you a fighting chance in a rough battle.
Let today be the day you reach out to Resurgence Behavioral Health so that you can begin to reclaim the life you have been missing!